Portfolio Performance Attribution via Shapley Value

N. Moehle, S. Boyd, and A. Ang

Journal of Investment Management, 20(3):33–52, 2022.

We consider an investment process that includes a number of features, each of which can be active or inactive. Our goal is to attribute or decompose an achieved performance to each of these features, plus a baseline value. There are many ways to do this, which lead to potentially different attributions in any specific case. We argue that a specific attribution method due to Shapley is the preferred method, and discuss methods that can be used to compute this attribution exactly, or when that is not practical, approximately.