Bounds on Efficiency Metrics in Photonics

G. Angeris, T. Diamandis, J. Vuckovic, and S. Boyd

ACS Photonics, 10, 2521–2529, 2023.

In this paper, we present a method for computing bounds for a variety of efficiency metrics in photonics. We focus on the special case where the objective function can be written as the ratio of two quadratic functions of the field and show that there exists a simple semidefinite programming relaxation for this problem. We provide a numerical example of bounding the maximal mode conversion purity for a device of given size. This paper is accompanied by an open source Julia package for basic simulations and bounds.